Alliance Nepal carried out the effectiveness study of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) that are regulated by CTEVT and Technical Stream Education (TSE) that are under Centre for Education and Human Resources Development (CEHRD). It was not the comparative study but to independently see how effective they are in reality. The study was carried out in the six districts i.e. Sunsari, Sindhuli and Makwanpur, in the east and Bardiya, Kalikot and Jumla, in the west for empirical evidences. It revealed some disturbing findings – there are no other curricula in the name of TSE, it simply follows CTEVT curricula. Is seems duplicating and spending national resources and results not as expected. The enrollment scenario is very pathetic too almost about 20 for 48 quota class. Not even 50% seats are filled up in many community schools running TSE courses. There are not enough competent trainers for TSE – they are not available and they were never developed – period. This study was commissioned by Rights for Children with the financial assistance from Plan International (August 2020 – April, 2021).